Unified Data Management (UDM)
Unified Data Management
Alepo Unified Data Management (UDM) is a 3GPP Release 16 compliant 5GC network function (NF). The intelligent next-generation NF is a key node in authenticating and authorizing user access to the network and roaming access using subscription data, and in providing smooth and seamless session continuity. Alepo UDM also supports integration with third-party UDR over the standard Nudr interface.
What is Unified Data Management (UDM) in 5G?
Unified Data Management is similar to Home Subscriber Server (HSS) in LTE; it is cloud-native and designed for 5G. It is responsible for generating credentials used during authentication, authorizing access based on user subscription, which it retrieves from the User Data Repository (UDR) and sends to the other network functions. UDM+HSS together authenticate and authorize users in 4G, 5G NSA, and 5G SA networks.
What is the function of UDM in 5G?
UDM network function supports different major functionalities in 5G. It generates authentication credentials used during the authentication process. It authorizes network access and roaming based on user subscriptions. It is responsible for subscription management and handles privacy protection by SUCI to SUPI conversion. The UDM also handles inter- and intra-RAT mobility.
Alepo 5G Core Network Function: UDM
Smooth Service and Access Authorization
Alepo’s 5G UDM helps operators looking to meet dynamic customer demands by supporting the segmentation of subscribers with personalized services and targeted offers. It performs service and access authorization for authenticated subscribers, ensuring that customers only have access to their subscribed services. Alepo UDM authorizes subscribers based on the access network, RAT, DNN, slices, ODB, and more.
Additionally, Alepo’s 5G Unified Data Management supports the following UE registration operations:
- Helps 5G-AKA authentication process by generating authentication credentials
- Supports SUCI de-concealing using profile a, profile b, null scheme method
- Stores and manages context for UEs serving NFs (for example, a serving-AMF context for UE registration or serving-SMF context for UE’s PDU session)
Seamless Connectivity on the Move
- Supports inter-RAT and intra-RAT mobility
- Maintains service and session continuity
- Ensure high Quality of Experience (QoE) for subscribers
Concurrent Support for 4G and 5G
As part of the converged core, Alepo UDM + Alepo HSS works with a common UDR, enabling operators to upgrade to 5G without service disruption and transition to a fully virtualized service-based environment. The converged offerings empower mobile operators to support legacy 4G/LTE services and swiftly launch 5G with minimal configuration changes. The dual-radio connectivity allows operators to gradually expand coverage and services. Features include:
- Supports interworking with 4G nodes over Diameter
- Offers mobility between 4G and 5G
New Revenue Streams
- Managing V2X subscriptions
- PLMN-based authentication and authorization (including roaming use cases)
- Device-based authorization
Innovation Across the 5G Ecosystem
Alepo UDM employs a microservice-based architecture in accordance with 5G Service-Based Architecture (SBA). It supports REST-based APIs in compliance with open API 3.0 standards. With its cloud-native architecture, it also supports public, private, and hybrid deployment options. Features include:
- Supports NRF Interworking
- Tracks performance, KPI, log management (FCAPS)
- Supports CI/CD-based automated release management
- Ensures high availability by supporting geographic and local redundancy
- Prevents vendor lock-in and is interoperable with any best-of-breeds network
Alepo’s cloud-native SDM helps manage both 4G and 5G subscriptions. This solution brief explains how the low-footprint solution enables an easy transition to 5G, enabling operators to rapidly launch high-value next-gen use cases.
The HSS helps centralize all subscriber information, define hierarchies, and provisioning, activation, and barring of SIMs. This product brief explains what makes the solution an integral part of any LTE or IMS core network.
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