Press Release

Blockchain and the Future of Mobile Money

Blockchain and the Future of Mobile Money

Blockchain and the Future of Mobile Money

 

12th of February 2019

 

 

 

As the hype dissipates around cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin the question remains: what relevance does the underlying blockchain technology have in an increasingly digitized world?

Mobile money has relied on traditional modes of establishing trust: you trust a mobile operator to take your cash in return for a digital representation of that cash, the government trusts the operator to maintain liquidity, the operator trusts the bank to retain that liquidity, and so forth.

This model of trust was enough to support the explosive growth of mobile financial services, but will it be enough to sustain it? Today’s mobile money operators contend with complex and competitive ecosystems, increasing regulatory pressures, and high costs, particularly for cross-border remittances.

Many of these challenges can be addressed with blockchain. It allows crucial digital relationships to grow organically with the rules for transacting being shared among participating organizations and the ledger for those transactions being cryptographically secure, immutable, and mutually verifiable. In short, it facilitates trust in the digital era.

Blockchain opens doors to new opportunities by providing a platform for:

  • Partnerships with organizations that provide a share of liquidity
  • Building KYC and AML regulations into the rules for transacting
  • Auditability: allowing governments and internal auditors access to their own cryptographically verifiable copy of an immutable ledger

These are among some of the properties of blockchain that have made it enticing for mobile money. But other properties make it less so:

  • Poor performance and scalability
  • Difficult to use for analytics and business intelligence
  • Lack of control over which parties can participate or view which transactions
  • Cumbersome and complex infrastructure requirements

Many of these issues can be overcome by using a private enterprise blockchain, which avoids intensive consensus mechanisms and provides enterprise control over access and a richer set of query interfaces into the blockchain. Implementation, however, is still a massive challenge because of the lack of skill and stable APIs into the various blockchain technologies.

How do we know this?

We’ve encountered these challenges implementing blockchain into our mobile money solution. To address them, we have created a REST API gateway that insulates the core mobile money systems from changes in the underlying blockchain technology and automated and simplified the provisioning of blockchain resources, making them run in both private and public cloud. We believe we have created a feasible and desirable mobile money system that adds the benefits of blockchain, without the complexity and with the performance to scale.

While, of course, we are hoping to sell our platform, we are also keen to engage and discuss your experiences and requirements from blockchain, as it is still a new and evolving domain.

If you’d like to know more about Alepo Mobile Money and how we got there, join us for a demo at Mobile World Congress, Barcelona from February 25-28, 2019 at booth 5H71. Click here to schedule a meeting.

Pankaj Garg

Pankaj Garg

Product Owner, Mobile Financial Solutions

Pankaj Garg is a FinTech expert who is passionately engaged in managing mobile financial solutions at Alepo. Backed by over 12 years of experience in the software industry, he offers unique insight while designing solutions to match industry demands. Always up to speed with the newest advancements in the products he handles, he takes it slow only when he’s road-tripping across India to discover new places.

Mobile Wallets Are the Piggy Banks of the Future

Mobile Wallets Are the Piggy Banks of the Future

Mobile Wallets Are the Piggy Banks of the Future

8th of October 2018

 

 

When was the last time you used paper money for anything? That thought crossed my mind as I was giving my daughter her weekly pocket money, in notes and coins of course.

As someone who’s worked for the last decade on mobile financial systems, the irony didn’t escape me. Why is it that I give my kids pocket money to instill the habits of budgeting and saving – that is, getting ready for the real world – but still provide them with physical money they store in the piggy bank their grandparents bought them?

Wouldn’t it make more sense to teach my children how to manage digital money, which I firmly believe is the future of all money?

I’d rather not open them a bank account or introduce them to the mobile wallets I use – I am not that modern a father. I want them to learn and have fun doing it, but I’d still like to view and control their activity. And I would like their relatives to be able to play a part, just as easily as they would have dropped a coin in their piggy bank.

It turns out that I am not the only one looking for an online digital piggy bank or, as we at Alepo call it, an e-piggy bank.

While savings accounts and even cryptocurrencies for kids have popped up recently, this use case, I believe, is still at an early stage of maturation. The e-piggy bank may very well turn into one of the more compelling ways of onboarding young families to mobile money systems. It has inherent value to consumers in both developed and developing economies. It complements the increasingly digital lifestyle that is evidenced by the growth in smartphone usage, not only among adults, for whom it is becoming virtually ubiquitous but also among children.

An e-piggy bank is an add-on service that mobile wallet platforms can offer to customers who have children.

It lets kids receive money from their parents, relatives, and friends, request money and create different wallets to save towards their chosen goals – all under parental supervision.

Parental supervision is essential to protect children from fraud and inappropriate spending, but also from a less obvious angle: regulatory.

In many countries, children’s accounts must be linked to a parent’s, and ultimately be owned by the parent, potentially with outward spending restricted to comply with KYC and AML regulations.

Given the complexity and feature richness required for such a solution, there are two questions.

Why should mobile money operators deploy such a solution, and how?

The why is simple: the mobile money landscape today is not the same as the one in which the likes of mPesa grew. It is a competitive landscape where customers in most countries have multiple options. Finding compelling use cases and unique differentiators are key to drive mobile money adoption and improve the ever-critical digital circulation ratio. Read my full post: Digital circulation ratio is the key to mobile money profitability.

The how is not as simple. An e-piggy bank needs to be easy to use, but that doesn’t necessarily make it easy to implement.

It may be difficult to implement on top of an existing mobile money system unless that system already has the inherent flexibility to deal with complicated nested business relationships and the ability to customize policies at each of those levels.

Further, it may be tough to build and tailor a platform that’s simple enough for a child (or a grandparent) to use. But seamless user experience is crucial for an e-piggy bank to work.

I happen to work for a company that makes a mobile money solution, so I was able to put my thoughts into action. We want to help mobile money providers engage families and children safely and effectively. And as ulterior motives go, I’m hoping this also means my daughter will be able to get her own e-piggy bank soon.

For more information about the e-piggy bank feature as part of Alepo’s mobile money solution, reach us at mobile.money@alepo.com.

Pankaj Garg

Pankaj Garg

Product Owner, Mobile Financial Solutions

Pankaj Garg is a FinTech expert who is passionately engaged in managing mobile financial solutions at Alepo. Backed by over 12 years of experience in the software industry, he offers unique insight while designing solutions to match industry demands. Always up to speed with the newest advancements in the products he handles, he takes it slow only when he’s road-tripping across India to discover new places.