6G: what to expect and when?

6G: what to expect and when?

6G: what to expect and when?

 

January 05, 2023

Data and networks are becoming increasingly critical as technologies progress. To keep up with these needs, telecom companies are pioneering new innovations and introducing 5G networks and advancing R&D on 6G.

With the deployment of 5G networks still under process, and many people not owning 5G smartphones yet, it may seem a bit early to discuss 6G and its innovations. After all, the concept of the 6G network is still in early development, and it may not become a part of commercial use until the 2030s.

However, technology is advancing rapidly; the idea of ​​6G being in talks so early while 5G is yet to make significant global inroads, shows how quickly the technology is progressing.

With 6G, we will likely see data speeds so high that hundreds of gigabits of files will download within a matter of seconds and improved network latency and processing speeds. With that in mind, let’s dive deep into the sixth generation of wireless data networks to see how it will impact the world.

What is 6G?

As the successor to 5G cellular technology, 6G is the sixth generation of wireless networks. Like all previous generations, 6G will build on and enhance the capabilities of 5G, augmented by advances in digital technology. That will mean expanding on speed and data capacity, plus the innovations regarding IoT (the Internet of Things) that 5G will make practical.

The 6G technology market promises massive improvements in imaging, presence technology, and site awareness. Working with artificial intelligence (AI), 6G computing infrastructure will be able to determine the optimal location of computing power, including decisions about data storage and sharing.

According to some reports by telecommunications experts, 6G will apply technologies designed for mobile phones to a broad range of applications, including transportation, agriculture, and advanced home networking. That will allow people to experience a seamless connection between the Internet and their daily lives.

5G vs 6G

Let’s understand some fundamental differences between 5G and 6G through the following table:

5G6G
Spectrum used: GHz (Gigahertz)Spectrum used: THz (Terahertz)
Top speed: 10GbpsTop speed: 1Tbps (hypothetical)
Latency: 5 millisecondsLatency: 1 millisecond - 1 microsecond
Technologies: IoT, IIoT, Cloud Computing, Edge OrchestrationTechnologies: Advanced IoT & IIoT, Nano-core, Edge and Core Coordination, and more

When is 6G expected?

The concept of 6G is still in its infancy, but it has incredible potential. 6G networks may become commercial sometime around 2030, or at least when most telecom companies will be running trials, and that is when we’ll see phone manufacturers tease 6G-capable phones. That said, no one knows “exactly” when the new wireless spectrum will become available. It is because of regulation and frequency allocation, which takes time.

According to a report from the local news agency Yonhap, South Korea plans to introduce 6G services for commercial use by approximately 2028. The adoption of 6G technology will bring significant advancements in various industries and sectors, including communication, transportation, and healthcare. The government and private companies in South Korea have been actively investing in research and development to ensure that the country is at the forefront of 6G innovation. The target date for the commercialization of 6G services in South Korea aligns with the timeline set by other countries, such as the United States and China, which are also working towards developing and implementing 6G technology.

6G will likely use the distributed radio access network (RAN) and the terahertz (THz) spectrum to boost capacity, minimize latency, and improve spectrum sharing. Advanced mobile communications technology, such as cognitive and highly secure data networks, will also be used. It will also necessitate spectral bandwidth growth orders of magnitude faster than 5G.

What to expect with 6G?

6G technology will significantly improve upon 5G in terms of network coverage and reliability, allowing for a higher density of mobile devices to connect and interact with each other in real time.

Additionally, 6G will optimize moment-to-moment interaction by improving network reliability more than a hundred times and reducing the error rate by ten times. Improvements in these areas will also benefit smartphones and other mobile network technology and many emerging technologies.

Some experts believe that 6G networks could one day allow you to reach speeds of up to one terabyte per second (Tbps) on your internet devices. That’s a thousand times faster than one Gbps, among the fastest speeds available on most home internet networks today. It’s a hundred times faster than 5G’s supposed top speed of 10 Gbps. So, yes, that’s an optimistic estimate, and we’re a long way from reaching those speeds. However, researchers predict that 6G will focus on extremely high bandwidth and reliability. With 6G, the Internet will be instantly and continuously accessible and integrated into the daily lives of many of us.

As mentioned earlier, 6G technology will also cover a much larger area than 5G, which means that we would need fewer towers to cover an area of land. That would be highly beneficial if you’re looking to have towers in places where it rains frequently or trees and vegetation are abundant.

In addition, 6G will also integrate many new technologies and changes in the core communication network structure. In particular, AI and the IoT will take center stage in 6G.

One of the main advantages of 6G will be its ability to facilitate instant communication between phones, computers, robots, and more. Technologies such as terahertz waves, cloud computing, and edge orchestration will enable the widespread implementation of wearable smart devices, virtual reality headsets, automated infrastructure, and many other exciting things.

Conclusion

While 6G networks do not yet exist and are currently in the research phase, companies are already anticipating cutting-edge wireless network use cases utilizing 6G technology after successful comparisons of 5G and 6G networks.

The new generation network is still in the process of finalizing most of its primary characteristics. That includes high-speed data transfer rates and multiple radio channels for increased reliability and coverage area. Once these features are ready, we’ll start seeing public testing of 6G devices.

Today, everyone has their own unique internet connection speed and data usage limits. That is because each person uses their WiFi router without thinking about interference levels or performance issues. With 6G, all wireless devices will connect to a single high-speed internet channel with no limits whatsoever.

In any case, the prospect of using 6G remains popular among many. It may resolve many of the current issues related to wireless communication.

Rajesh Mhapankar

Rajesh Mhapankar

Vice President, Product Management

A seasoned professional, technologist, innovator, and telecom expert. With over 20 years of experience in the software industry, Rajesh brings a strong track record of accelerating product innovations and development at Alepo. He supports the company’s mission-critical BSS/OSS projects in LTE, WiFi and broadband networks, including core policy, charging, and control elements.

Subscribe to the Alepo Newsletter

Alepo releases its latest Converged Core solution to support advanced 5G use cases

Alepo releases its latest Converged Core solution to support advanced 5G use cases

  • New features have been added to the converged policy control function to enable priority and mission-critical services, as well as advanced private network applications
  • The solution now supports automated one-step installation for simple and effective deployments
  • It is compliant with hyper-scalers such as AWS, Google, Microsoft Azure, and more
  • It supports 3GPP’s Multi-Operator Core Network (5G MOCN) model and PNI-NPNs and SNPNs deployments
Thursday, September 01, 2022, AUSTIN – Digital enablement and core network expert Alepo has announced the latest release of its 5G Converged Core solution. The new version of the solution introduces enhancements to key functions such as policy control and extends support for more advanced and innovative next-generation services.

“As pioneers in 5G Core deployments globally, we’ve closely watched what operators need when they deploy 5G. We’ve made key enhancements to our Converged Core, like multi-tenancy, that will go a long way in enabling them to drive faster 5GC ROI and further enhance CX,” said Derrick Gross, President, Alepo.

Alepo’s Converged Core solution for 4G and 5G services now enables more business use cases for the MNO, MVNO, and private network core. It offers centralized and hybrid core deployments that allow network sharing among multiple private networks or enterprises. The solution supports 3GPP-defined private network deployment models, which include PNI-NPNs and SNPNs.

The Converged Core solution supports priority services such as Mission-Critical-Push-To-Talk (MCPTT), Mission Critical Video (MCVideo), and high-value use cases for private networks such as mines, oilfields, and emergency services.

Another important highlight of the release is that the cloud-native solution is compatible with industry-leading hyper-scalers such as AWS, Google, Microsoft Azure, and more, making it ideal for enterprises looking for a quick rollout using a low or no maintenance platform.

In addition, Alepo’s Converged Core has simplified deployments using a one-step installation. This will help streamline and automate the process, minimizing the possibility of human error during deployment. It will also enable Alepo to deploy the 5G Core for varying business requirements for size, scale, and market landscapes.

About Alepo

Alepo announces strategic 5G Standalone collaboration with Red Hat; first deployments now live

Alepo announces strategic 5G Standalone collaboration with Red Hat; first deployments now live

  • The collaboration means Alepo’s Converged Core can be deployed on the industry’s leading enterprise Kubernetes platform, Red Hat OpenShift, for service providers around the world
  • The solution is already live in the United States, and multiple deployments in other geographies are expected to go live soon
  • Red Hat OpenShift’s advanced capabilities simplify network management for large and complex deployments
  • Alepo’s cloud-native Converged Core on Red Hat OpenShift lets operators more easily transition to 5G, supporting next-gen use cases such as those requiring ultralow latency and high bandwidth alongside existing 4G services

Tuesday, July 12, 2022, Austin – Digital enablement and core network expert Alepo’s industry-renowned Converged Core has gone live with multiple service providers in the United States. The 5G Standalone (SA) solution is now available to be deployed on the industry’s leading enterprise Kubernetes platform, Red Hat OpenShift. The news is part of a broader collaboration with Red Hat, making this deployment option widely available to service providers globally. The collaboration will enable Alepo to provide service providers advanced infrastructure to support modern 4G and 5G core solutions on Red Hat OpenShift.

Red Hat OpenShift provides comprehensive Kubernetes orchestration for containerized applications to help deploy cloud-native applications such as Alepo’s Docker-based solution, helping operators make the shift to cloud ecosystems with major public cloud vendors faster and with increased reliability. Red Hat OpenShift includes automation capabilities, making it particularly beneficial for distributed deployments to help simplify the management of larger and more complex networks. OpenShift is built with layered security capabilities, further strengthening Alepo’s 3GPP compliant solution for a security-focused robust offering.

Alepo’s cloud-native Converged Core provides support for next-gen services, such as use cases that demand ultralow latency, high bandwidth, and more, alongside existing 4G services. Operators can therefore transition to 5G more easily and at their pace. This is enabled by converged policy management as well as Subscriber Data Management (SDM) to provide a common subscriber data repository for 4G and 5G services.

Alepo’s solution offers flexible deployment modes across hybrid multi-cloud environments, spanning the edge, public cloud, and centralized data center deployment. Red Hat OpenShift is a software infrastructure of choice for leading global operators implementing a converged core with centralized data center deployment, making it the perfect fit for Alepo and its customers.

So far, Alepo has disclosed that the US service providers who have gone live with the platform intend to deliver use cases such as fixed wireless access (FWA) broadband and voice over LTE (VoLTE). The solution is also being tested and deployed in several other geographies, many of which are set to go live soon. The company is expected to reveal more details of the developments in the months to come.

“We are pleased to collaborate with Alepo to better support operators and pave the way for more expansive and reliable foundation for network deployments, backed by a robust partner ecosystem. With Alepo’s Converged Core as a vendor-validated cloud-native network function (CNF) on OpenShift, customers can now benefit from added interoperability to accelerate their mission-critical workloads at scale,” Mark Longwell, director, Partner Alliances, Hybrid Platforms, Red Hat.

Derrick Gross, President, Alepo, said, “We’re excited to add one of the leading technology vendors to our portfolio of supported Kubernetes platforms. Red Hat is a trusted name in the industry and deploying Alepo on Red Hat OpenShift can inspire greater confidence from our clients. Alepo’s Converged Core provides a host of deployment options and is designed to simplify the network upgrade path. Collaborating with Red Hat is another step in enabling operators around the world to set up modern resilient 5G networks.”

To know more about Alepo’s Converged Core deployed on the Red Hat platform, please visit
https://catalog.redhat.com/software/cnf/detail/alepo_converged_core_solution

Red Hat, the Red Hat logo and OpenShift are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. or its
subsidiaries in the U.S. and other countries.

About Alepo

Casa Systems partners with Alepo to deliver 5G SA, 5G NSA, and 4G network solution 

Casa Systems partners with Alepo to deliver 5G SA, 5G NSA, and 4G network solution 

  • Alepo’s subscriber data management (SDM) and policy functions (PCF), with Casa Systems‘ cloud-native 5G core, enable service providers and enterprises to rollout 5G and 4G LTE networks more quickly and cost effectively
  • Alepo’s components support 4G, 5G, and 5G SA core deployments; they are containerized, cloud-native, and have the lowest resource footprint in the industry
  • The solution supports IMS network for voice (VoLTE, VoNR) and SMS services
  • Multiple trials and deployments are currently underway
Monday, June 27, 2022, AUSTIN – 5G core software expert Alepo and Casa Systems (Nasdaq: CASA), a leading provider of physical and cloud-native broadband technology solutions for wireless, cable and fixed networks, today announced a strategic partnership that will simplify the deployment of 5G networks and reduce time-to-market and resource requirements for service providers and enterprise customers. Casa’s cloud-native 5G Core, combined with the Alepo’s subscriber data management (SDM) and converged policy control (PCF, PCRF), will deliver an industry-leading low resource footprint that keeps initial investment low. It will give service providers and private enterprises the ability to deploy 4G, 5G, and fixed wireless access (FWA) broadband networks more rapidly and cost effectively.

5G transforms the role of the service provider, opening new opportunities to forge cross-industry partnerships to launch diverse services. The combination of Alepo’s policy control and containerized SDM with Casa Systems’ portfolio of open, cloud-native 5G Core network functions, facilitates a smooth transition to 5G. Service providers can shift to a fully virtualized service-based environment using a single solution to support both LTE and 5G.

The solution provides a secure, flexible, scalable, cloud-native architecture with 3GPP standards-compliant network functions, enabling service providers to upgrade to 5G without disrupting their existing services. Service providers of all sizes can swiftly introduce 5G capabilities and support new 5G use cases, including private enterprise networks, for diverse industry verticals.

Alepo’s cloud-native network functions are built to maximize ROI, with compact resource needs, high-performance architecture, and an agnostic approach to deployment infrastructure. Alepo’s experience in digital transformation helps modernize operational architecture without service disruption, shifting to a fully virtualized service-based environment as operators evolve to 5G.

Multiple field trials and deployments with leading operators in the US, Europe, and Australia are underway, including a leading mobile operator deploying private 5G and a fixed broadband operator deploying a fixed and wireless solution to expand coverage to underserved communities.

Gibson Ang, Vice President, Technology at Casa Systems, said, “At Casa Systems, we rely on a simple truth: if the network is not built for you, it is not the right network. For 5G to be successful, the network must be tailored to meet each customer’s specific needs. That’s why Casa built an open, interoperable, cloud-native 5G Core network architecture that allows us to pull in best-of-breed technologies so that we can create cloud-native network solutions that unlock new markets, new services, and new revenues for our customers. Casa Systems is excited to partner with Alepo to complement our 5G portfolio and provide innovative solutions that deliver the full benefits of 5G.”

Derrick Gross, President of Alepo, said, “Alepo has been at the forefront of 5G, with SDM and policy components that offer among the lowest resource footprints in the industry, and Casa’s components are the perfect complement for what we’ve developed. We’re thrilled to partner with Casa Systems on our shared mission of enabling global operators to launch and monetize 5G regardless of their size.”

About Casa Systems

Casa Systems, Inc. (Nasdaq: CASA) delivers the core-to-customer building blocks to speed 5G transformation with future-proof solutions and cutting-edge bandwidth for all access types. In today’s increasingly personalized world, Casa Systems creates disruptive architectures built specifically to meet the needs of service provider networks. Its suite of open cloud-native network solutions unlocks new ways for service providers to build networks without boundaries and maximizes revenue-generating capabilities. Commercially deployed in more than 70 countries, Casa Systems serves over 475 Tier 1 and regional service providers worldwide.

For more information, visit https://www.casa-systems.com/

About Alepo

Top 6 ways for operators to accelerate their 5G rollout

Top 6 ways for operators to accelerate their 5G rollout

Top 6 ways for operators to accelerate their 5G rollout

 

April 21, 2022

5G rollout will open new opportunities

The benefits of 5G for networks and their customers are indisputable. Industry experts say that 5G will be 10x faster than existing 4G networks. In fact, standalone 5G networks can provide Gigabit-class speeds as fast as fiber connections. And 5G will not only deliver faster mobile data speeds, but also provide significant enhancements to network flexibility, scalability, and efficiency. Plus, private 5G presents the opportunity for service providers to cater to enterprise clients by delivering advanced Industry 4.0 use cases. As OEMs launch 5G-ready devices, some operators are beginning to deploy next-gen networks, while others are still looking for ways to ensure faster 5G rollout. What’s holding them back, and how can they expedite their 5G launch?

Operator challenges in launching 5G

5G technology has made significant progress on several fronts over the last few years. There are more 5G-compatible devices in the market like the iPhone 12 and home routers. Wireless RAN infrastructure and cloud technologies have been developed to support next-gen capabilities. And the foundation for a potentially rich business ecosystem of partnerships is also emerging. But adoption is still in the nascent stage.
Operators today have a host of concerns in transitioning their networks to 5G, which include:

  • Reluctance to make the massive investment required for wide 5G coverage.
  • Lack of spectrum availability in many regions and local regulatory challenges.
  • Low prevalence of 5G devices, meaning operators may not be able to upsell consumers.
  • Technical complications in implementing 5G alongside an existing LTE network, as it would lead to complex network infrastructure that presents difficulties in management and high maintenance costs.

How operators can swiftly launch 5G

Using a combination of mid-band and low-band spectrum

While multi-gigabit 5G speeds are seen only on high-band spectrum (mmWave), many operators have proven success in using sub-6 spectrum in low bands and mid bands for a 5G launch on a wider scale. Using a combination of spectrum in low bands and mid bands also promises larger geographical coverage with higher bandwidth. This approach will result in a balanced 5G network that is faster than 4G, ensuring the best performance indoors and outdoors.

Following a two-phase NSA approach

Technically called the eUTRA-NR Dual Connectivity (EN-DC) approach, this will allow operators to reuse and leverage their existing resources, keeping the promise of 5G intact. The 5G radio (gNodeB) can connect to the EPC (the LTE core), enabling implementation of a 5G Non-Standalone (NSA) deployment. This approach will immediately enable the enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) use case. Voice calls will be sent over the 4G network using EPS fallback.

Issue eSIMs instead of physical SIM cards

eSIM or embedded SIM is the electronic form of a physical SIM card. eSIMs are mounted permanently to a device. A user can digitally add plans from cellular operators to their eSIM without having to physically replace the SIM card. The eSIM not only improves design flexibility, it also allows the operator to digitally distribute subscriptions in bulk. It will enable faster time-to-market for operators, as a 5G eSIM can be simply delivered in the form of a QR code via email, making it much easier to distribute than physical SIMs.

Most major operators now support eSIMs. The number of mobile devices that support them is steadily growing, and will soon be far more widespread.

Prioritize network virtualization

Arguably the best thing about 5G is its cloud-native architecture. A virtualized 5G RAN and core can reside on generic commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware, eliminating dependence on proprietary hardware vendors. This approach is much more flexible and cost-efficient as it will allow operators to scale up hardware resources with increasing user traffic. A 4G virtualized RAN can enable 5G with only a software update. Enhancements to network functions can be delivered via software patches. Operators will benefit significantly from virtualizing their 4G networks on priority, as it will enable a hassle-free, easier, faster 5G rollout.

Begin with private 5G networks

Private 5G is a dedicated and standalone next-gen cellular network best suitable for relatively smaller and more confined areas like universities, airports, campuses, buildings, and more. This private network can be launched in a matter of weeks with a limited resource footprint. It provides higher bandwidth to enable all 5G business use cases over a secure and private connection for different Industry 4.0 applications. A specialized compact core makes the installation easier and faster.

Enabling private 5G networks for enterprise clients is the best fit for operators who want to soft launch a real-world 5G network on a smaller scale before moving forward with a more large-scale launch.

Forge partnerships to improve the device ecosystem

Even though 5G launches are rapidly progressing around the world, the device ecosystem is still limited. Though most of the mid-range smartphones launched in 2021 support 5G, many users still need to upgrade their existing devices to experience 5G. What operators can do here is partner with OEMs to offer 5G mobile phones and Mi-Fi devices at a subsidized price to drive consumer interest. Trade-in programs will also help. This will enable operators to gain major traction for a faster 5G rollout and drive competition around the market.

Conclusion

With its cloud-first architecture, high bandwidth, and low latency, 5G has been emerging as a platform that will drive innovation in various sectors like healthcare, automobiles, logistics, massive IoT, and more. Industrial IoT and mission-critical use cases will benefit from the always-on and real-time connectivity of this next-gen network.

Early 5G rollout will give operators more time and opportunities to explore new use cases. In an increasingly competitive and dynamically changing market, the first-mover advantage is key.

Alepo’s industry-leading 5G Core solutions enable swift and easy deployment, provide a low resource footprint, and ensure standards-compliant infrastructure for a scalable and future-proof network. They enable operators to generate more revenue from avenues that were previously unexplored in telecom. Partnering with leading technology partners, Alepo delivers end-to-end 5G solutions that have enabled commercial success for over a dozen real-world deployments globally.

Alepo’s 5G Core Network Architecture

To begin your next-gen journey today, email us at market.development@alepo.com.

Nitish Muley

Nitish Muley

Senior Engineer

Nitish has spent years developing use cases for technologies like VR, AR, IoT, and is currently working on Alepo’s newest products. Always up to speed with the latest in the industry, Nitish is a voracious reader – and fervent writer – about all things related to tech and wireless standards. After hours, he wears a traveler’s hat, pursuing his love for photography as he explores different countries.

Subscribe to the Alepo Newsletter